The South Sudan

The South Sudan.

The Republic of South Sudan (RSS) is the youngest nation in the world. It became independent from Sudan on July 9th, 2011, following a referendum that passed with 98.8% of the vote. It is a United Nations member state, a member state of the African Union and a member state of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

South Sudan is a landlocked country in east-central Africa. Its capital is Juba, which is also its largest city. South Sudan is bordered by the Republic of the Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west. South Sudan is approximately 620.000 sq km. its population is estimated to be around nine million. There are approximately 64 Tribes in South Sudan. The official language is English. There is a dry season from April till October with temperatures between 20 – 35°C. The rainy season is between November and march. The temperature goes up to about 45°C during the day and around 20°C at night. The Religion is mainly Christianity but, Islam as well as other Religions are also practiced. The main resources in South Sudan is Oil.

Starting from approximately 1821 the former Sudan was under the Turkish-Egyptian Power, followed by the Anglo-Egyptian colony. South Sudan has always been an autonomous region in the former Sudan. Education and infrastructure were not promoted in South Sudan during the Anglo-Egyptian colonisation. Sudan obtained its independence in 1956.

Sudan and South Sudan had two major civil wars. 1955 – 1972 and 1983 – 2005. In 2005 a Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed to cease fire followed by the Referendum in 2011.

South Sudan has been suffering an internal conflict since 2013. Efforts are being made by many parties to restore peace in the young nation.

Maps: Wikimedia Commons